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Download Ancient Egyptian Beads by Nai Xia PDF

By Nai Xia

This ebook provides a close research and thorough examine of the original number of historical Egyptian beads within the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology in London.

The booklet first discusses the archaeological worth of beads and the tactic hired within the learn of them, in particular emphasizing the significance of the means of bead-making for relationship reasons. It then examines and evaluates quite a few schemes for the category of beads. The ebook is going directly to suggest a brand new class process and works out a accomplished corpus of beads via 16 plates.

Next, the publication contains a chronological survey that information the cloth, typology (including the technical peculiarities), use, association and pictorial illustration of beads in the course of the 9 divisions or classes of historical Egyptian background. This survey issues out the features of every interval besides any touch Egypt can have skilled with overseas international locations as proven by way of the beads. It additionally corrects a lot incorrect identifications of fabrics and incorrect datings.

This booklet is predicated at the Ph.D dissertation written through pioneering chinese language archaeologist Xia Nai while he studied in London collage college a few 70 years in the past and who had direct entry to substantial firsthand assets on the leading edge of Egyptology examine. It represents a vital and long-awaited improve in archaeology, not just for Egypt yet for the examine of the earlier throughout Africa and beyond.

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12. Pl. II. Mac Donanl, Beth-pelet, II, p. ). 11 Orchard, Beads of American Indians, p. 34. 12 Petrie, Naqada and Ballas, pp. 44, 45; Petrie, pp. 41–42, Sect. 105. C. Collection has been illustrated in Mond and Myers, Armant, I, pl. XXXVII, Fig. 5, and described as ‘‘quartzite’’ on p. 75. Another two of them are now in the Ashmolean Museum, one of which has a depressed cup mark and called ‘‘fragment of a corumdum vase’’ in the official guide (see the Summary Guide, Department of Antiquities, 4th ed.

7 Beck describes them as being folded around a wire and then drawn out into small tubes which were broken into beads. Blowing Method. A small bubble of glass could be blown into a bead either as a smooth ball or else by blowing into a mould. They were sometimes constricted at the middle to form a double spheroid bead. The hole at the end further from the blowpipe was obtained either by piercing with some instrument or by breaking through the constricted neck between two parts of a double bead. Moulding Method.

12 They have a hardness of about 5 (Mohs’ scale) and thus could not be emery. Probably, they are fine sandstone. They were used either as a bead grinder as suggested by Petrie or as an arrow-shaft smoother. 14 Two men are figured as rubbing carnelian beads on a bead grinder. The bead seems to be of a cylindrical shape and rubbed by a longitudinal grinding along the axis of its perforation (see Plate I, Fig. B). 15 The rotary grinding is suitable for all beads with a circular section. 16 Bicone beads could be rubbed in such a way that only one half of the length was in contact with the surface at a time.

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