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Download Archaeologies of the Middle East : critical perspectives by Susan Pollock, Reinhard Bernbeck PDF

By Susan Pollock, Reinhard Bernbeck

Archaeologies of the center East presents an cutting edge advent to the archaeology of this interesting quarter and a window on either its previous and current.

  • Written through the various most sensible archaeologists of the center East: students from assorted backgrounds with quite a lot of pursuits and highbrow approaches
  • Coverage spans 100,000 years: from the Paleolithic to Hellenistic times
  • Explores the connections among modern day politics and the social context of archaeological perform and numerous underutilized ways to archaeological interpretation
  • Designed for pupil use

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Jundishahpur soon became one of the foremost academic centers of late antiquity, attracting Greek philosophers who had become homeless after Justinian’s closure of Plato’s academy in Athens (cf. Potts 1989). A CULTURAL-HISTORICAL FRAMEWORK 29 Sasanian kings, even more than the Parthians, saw themselves as heirs of the Achaemenid dynasty. They traced their origin back to the region of Persepolis, and reliefs were carved into the rock face below the façades of Achaemenid royal burials in the vicinity (Wiesehöfer 1996: 155).

That reached from western Anatolia to the Indus Valley in today’s Pakistan. Larger than any earlier empire, it was plagued by frequent revolts, often several at a time in widely separate parts of the empire (Briant 1999). The territory was divided into satrapies (extensive provinces), each of which was subdivided into smaller units (Wiesehöfer 1996:60–61). The rulers of a satrapy were normally from the royal family. Other unifying measures were the institutionalization of an administrative language, Aramaic, a single system of measurements, an empire-wide currency (Frye 1984:129–130), and the enlargement of the Assyrian network of royal highways (Nissen 1998:118).

This period is of long-standing interest for its urban planning and architecture. The earliest and most famous major public building from this period is the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem (Grabar 1990). The foundation of new cities in the vicinity of older ones gave planners the opportunity of imposing an artificial urban layout. Such new cities are characterized by some elements already known from late antiquity, above all the two main thoroughfares crossing at a right angle in a settlement’s center.

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