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Download Battlefield trophies of ancient Greece: Symbols of victory by by Gai, Joe, M.A., California State University, 2006 PDF

By by Gai, Joe, M.A., California State University, 2006

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This helmet was bronze and covered the entire head and neck. The cheek and nose guards rendered the helmet all but enclosed at the front, which did not allow much more than a minimal view of the action around its wearer. Hanson writes, "It must have 5 Victor Davis Hanson, The Western Way of War: Infantry Battle ofClassical Greece, ed. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989), 65. 2nd 11 been a most uncomfortable and difficult thing to wear. " The helmet's lack of comfort and its insular construction speak to its sole purpose: to withstand substantial amounts of pressure.

This battle is between a Theban infantry unit and a unit of peltasts from Corinth. Battles between phalanxes were indeed more decisive than many of the battles recorded by Xenophon, in the sense that oftentimes with traditional phalanx battles there was one engagement, whereas more and more through the fourth century, battles were often a series of engagements. What this battle also illustrates is that winning the battle is simply not enough. Battle is decisive when the enemy acknowledges his defeat and the victorious publicize their victory with a trophy.

Generally six to nine feet in length, the spear was not the missile weapon of the prior age of Greek warriors, but a stabbing weapon. The preferred method of using the spear was an overhand strike down at the area just above the breastplate and under the helmet where the neck was exposed. Oftentimes on vase paintings, hoplites are shown thrusting overhand at the upper areas. This overhand strike was usually only after the initial charge, wherein hoplites preferred to hold the spear underhanded, probably under their armpit to secure it better.

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