Download Beowulf - A Student Edition by George Jack PDF

By George Jack

Beowulf, the key surviving poem in outdated English, consists in a language that's wealthy yet usually tricky. This absolutely annotated variation makes the poem extra available in its unique language, whereas even as supplying the fabrics worthy for its specific examine at either undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. To facilitate realizing and fluent interpreting of the poem, the previous English textual content of Beowulf is the following observed through an intensive working thesaurus together with the better a part of the vocabulary of the poem. phrases that take place greater than as soon as are glossed on each one celebration. The inclusion of marginal glosses will let readers who can be at an early level within the research of previous English to manage extra simply with the advanced vocabulary of the poem. yet this variation isn't really intended just for those who find themselves imminent outdated English for the 1st time; it's designed to be appropriate for college students at any level, and people who are already acquainted with outdated English will locate the marginal glosses of price in allowing Beowulf to be learn extra fluently. George Jack's creation considers the origins and transmission of the poem, and offers a survey of its narrative components and magnificence. a whole remark on textual and interpretative difficulties, issues of grammar and which means, and issues of literary and historic context is equipped, as is a consultant to extra studying on Beowulf. The textual content of the Finnsburh Fragment has additionally been incorporated, due to its certain relevance to Beowulf, and it truly is likewise observed via marginal glosses and notes.

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Additional info for Beowulf - A Student Edition

Example text

Although the critical apparatus is chiefly a record of forms that have been emended in the edited text, information of other kinds is sometimes provided. Where there has been disagreement about a reading in the manuscript the main alternative interpretations are recorded in the apparatus, although I have not attempted to provide an exhaustive record of opinion in disputed cases. There are some readings which rest on the authority of Thorkelin A or B, but for which the two transcripts do not record identical forms; these instances are noted in the critical apparatus, though they have not been distinguished within the text itself.

217 below. Classification is not provided for weak verbs, or for strong verbs when they occur in the present tense or the infinitive. Other information is occasionally provided as an aid to understanding. g. 308 ongyton, which is an infinitive but shows the ending -on rather than -an. The gender of a noun, though not specified as a matter of course, is occasionally given, since it may clarify the structure or interpretation of a passage. Information about gender may indicate the word to which a pronoun refers, or explain the form of an adjective.

36 BEOWULF Da waes on uhtan mid aerdaege Grendles gudcraeft gumum undyrne; J)a waes aefter wiste wop up ahafen, micel morgensweg. aet gewin to strang, I35r lad ond longsum. Naes hit lengra fyrst, 135 ac ymb ane niht eft gefremede mordbeala mare, ond no mearn fore, faehde ond fyrene; waes to faest on {>am. ba waes eadfynde \>e him elles hwaer gerumlicor raeste [sohte], 140 bed aefter burum, da him gebeacnod waes, gesaegd sodllce sweotolan tacne healdegnes hete; heold hyne syd|)an fyr ond faestor se |)aem feonde aetwand.

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