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By Frederick Will

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Extra info for Beyond Deduction: Ampliative Aspects of Philosophical Reflection

Example text

The solution is validated by the pieces and the steps; 7 Structure, Chapter IV. 32 AMPLIATIVE AND DEDUCTIVE PROCESSES its validity flows from them, not vice versa. The term 'puzzle-solving' is not to be taken as minimizing the difficulty that may be encountered in producing a solution from the given materials. In many cases the task may be very difficult. Great effort and ingenuity may be required to devise a solution from the materials, just as, in a limited way, these are sometimes required to solve the harder problems at the end of the chapter in a textbook of mathematics or physics.

So deeply embedded in Western mind is this relic of Christian theism that many who follow it in thought are oblivious of its influence. Modern philosophy, in the process of developing out of theology, retained this among other traits of its progenitor. After the model of divine commandment has waned, the commandment aspect remains and is given a new sanction, that of Reason, Experience, Nature, or even Instinct. Taken for granted is that criticizing, maintaining, controlling norms of thought and action require some kind of standards set for us, not by us, in the form of archetypes somehow, somewhere.

3) Logistic. Norms as abstract linguistic entities. Effects of the exclusive emphasis upon the sYInbolic transcriptions of norms: emphasis on the global effects of use, and neglect of local effects. §§8-17 §§18-21 The individualist emphasis of deductivism, and its recursive 'search and apply' view of governance. Congruent conclusions on the infeasibility of the program formulated in the diverse vocabularies of Hume and Kuhn. a. justification theory, or Cartesian theory). Necessity or certainty of result not a necessary feature of deduction.

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