By John Vivian
John Vivian tells you every little thing you must understand to construct your personal stone partitions from begin to end. He covers every thing from easy gear and fabrics to construction keeping partitions, construction in gates and stiles, relocating boulders, and utilizing lower-quality stone. transparent, certain drawings exhibit precisely what to do and the way to prevent problems.
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Additional info for Building Stone Walls
A sound wall can be made largely with rounded stones. The slant to center adds to wall stability. 50 In building a course, I like to pile a line or two of the oddest-shaped rocks down the center of the wall, adding wedges and splinters to make sure they won't move. Then the outer face stones go on, each requiring a lot of juggling so that it rests firmly against at least five other rocks-·both rocks to each side, two other face rocks in the course below and at least one big core rock inside. It is good to fill as much of the wall as Small Rocks you can with small stones.
Since this wall is as much a place to get rid of fields tones as a boundary, you can make it as wide as necessary. Layout and footings are no different. But you want to build two narrow shells of good stone along each side of the outline. Lay a course on each side, then fit in your rubble to the top. Make sure each cobble fits snugly on the rocks below and that the outer layers are tight against the outer shells. Tie this type wall a little better than an all-good-stone wall. A ties tone every two yards is not too much, alternating sides.
You will want to save all the flats for top stone, any with square corners for ends and corners, long ones for tying in. The better not-so-good stones (ones with one or two more-or-Iess flat sides) go in the outer shells, much as with the half-and-half wall discussed above. However, laying courses takes a new approach. And herewith surfaces the Great Stone Wall Controversy: whether you chink in or chink out. That is: do you build up the core first, and put the outer shells on with any wedges or rubble plugs chinked in, toward the wall?