By Jean Dunbabin (auth.)
This booklet explores the transforming into value of prisons, either lay and ecclesiastical, in western Europe among one thousand and 1300. It makes an attempt to give an explanation for what captors was hoping to accomplish via proscribing the freedom of others, the technique of confinement on hand to them, and why there has been an more and more shut hyperlink among captivity and suspected illegal activity. It discusses stipulations inside prisons, the technique of unencumber open to a few captives, and writing in or approximately prison.
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Extra resources for Captivity and Imprisonment in Medieval Europe, 1000–1300
344 Others suffered more fearsome constrictions. 37 A cage might also be part of a more humane regime. 38 The captors of important men clearly anticipated that the hours of darkness, when the guards might well drop into deep sleep, brought real danger of escape which had to be prevented by radical means. Anecdotal evidence points to the tower as the normal place of confinement for those of higher birth, and the dungeon for the peasant or the serf. However this was not the invariable rule. 40 Charles of Anjou ordered that his high-ranking Greek prisoners held at the castle of Trani should be confined in the The Means of Detention in the High Middle Ages 39 lower room, where they could be well guarded.
Elsewhere in western Europe, the situation was similar. Justice was summarily dispensed by bishops, counts, viscounts, vicarii, or abbots of certain privileged monasteries, as indeed it continued to be in many places long after 1000. In a world in which most people lived in hamlets or villages, knew their neighbours well, only rarely met strangers or travellers, and looked to their neighbouring lords for chastisement of offenders and solutions to their quarrels, there was usually no occasion for delay in reaching a verdict or imposing a sentence in criminal matters.
How long the viscount expected him to be there is not stated; perhaps only a day. If the punishment was intended to bring on him the ridicule of his fellow villagers, as stocks in later periods were, in this instance it failed. Instead he became the fortunate recipient of the saint’s intervention. In this case, the victim was intended to be kept where he was put. But neck collars could also be used in moving prisoners, taking them to jail or elsewhere. 3 The offenders will in any case have been secured in some way that forced them to keep moving along with the soldiers.