By Angela Ales Bello
This publication proposes a brand new interpretative key for analyzing and overcoming the binary of idealism and realism. It takes as its principal factor for exploration the way human awareness unfolds, i.e., in the course of the courting among the I and the world―a box of phenomenological research that can't and must never stay closed in the limits of its personal disciplinary borders. The booklet makes a speciality of the query of realism in modern debates, finally dismantling prejudices and automatisms that one unearths therein. It indicates that on the root of the talk among realism and idealism there frequently lie equivocations of a semantic nature and by means of going again to the origins of contemporary phenomenology it places into play a dialogue of the Husserlian inspiration of transcendental idealism. Following this direction and neutralizing the intense positions of a serious idealism and a naïve realism, the publication proposes a “transcendental realism”: the horizon of a dynamic team spirit that embraces the method of cognition and that grounds the relation, and never the subordination, of topic and item. The research of this reciprocity permits the surpassing of the boundaries of the area of realizing, resulting in basic questions surrounding the last word experience of items and their starting place.