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Download Knowledge and Questions. (Grazer Philosophische Studien) by Franck Lihoreau PDF

By Franck Lihoreau

This designated quantity of Grazer Philosophische Studien good points twelve unique essays at the dating among wisdom and questions, a subject of maximum significance to epistemology, philosophical common sense, and the philosophy of language. It increases loads of concerns in every one of those fields and at their intersection, bearing, inter alia, at the idea of rational deliberation and inquiry, pragmatism and advantage epistemology, the issues of scepticism and epistemic justification, the idea of statement, the potential of deductive wisdom, the semantics and pragmatics of data ascriptions, the factivity of information, the research of hid questions and embedded interrogative clauses, propositional attitudes and two-dimensional semantics, contextualism and contrastivism, the excellence among knowledge-that and knowledge-how, the character of philosophical wisdom, and the matter of epistemic worth. Addressing those in addition to many different importantly similar matters, the papers within the quantity together give a contribution to giving an outline of the present country of the debates at the subject, and a feeling of the instructions within which philosophical learn on wisdom and questions is at the moment heading.

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Other examples are: Who is Peter? Peter is a bricklayer. (Belnap 1982, 195) Who is Tully? A Roman statesman and orator. (Stampe 1974, 168–9) Denis Stampe calls such questions ‘ predicate-wanting’, and he follo ws Belnap in thinking that ther e is a syntactic ambiguity in who-questions, even if it is not evident from surface grammar. Some are predicate-wanting questions and others more closely resemble the which-of-these-people questions that we discussed above. Another possibility is that a ‘who’-question always requires a characterisation of the person at issue, and that pragmatic contextual factors determine what sort of characterisation is required: do we need one that uniquely picks out the person in question?

Such questions raise a host of interesting issues. Suppose my answer was: ‘The person who killed the Colonel killed the Colonel’. Is that an answer that is correct but useless? Or is it not even a correct answer because it is empty: unless my questioner already knows the answer to the question, he will not be able to make anything of the answ er. I shall not settle this issue here. 7 identify which answer is correct and to identify which way of pr esenting that answer will be appr opriate. We need to take account of what information the questioner already possesses, and also what they propose to do with the information that they obtain from me.

Thus responding to attempts to elicit information b y trying to answ er questions of this sor t requires us to hav e the ability to 2. Such questions raise a host of interesting issues. Suppose my answer was: ‘The person who killed the Colonel killed the Colonel’. Is that an answer that is correct but useless? Or is it not even a correct answer because it is empty: unless my questioner already knows the answer to the question, he will not be able to make anything of the answ er. I shall not settle this issue here.

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